It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west;[d]China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation mostly in present day Pakistan and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history.
Origin[ edit ] Mariyamman in Tirisool, 10th century, Chola period, Tamil Nadu, India Mariamman is a Tamil folk goddess, whose worship probably originated in pre-vedic India. She is the main Tamil mother goddess, predominant in the rural areas of Tamil Nadu.
The word Mari pronunciation: She was worshipped by the ancient Tamils as the bringer of rain and thus also the bringer of prosperity, since the abundance of their crops was dependent largely upon adequate rainfall.
The cult of the mother goddess is treated as an indication of a society which venerated femininity. The temples of the Sangam days, mainly of Madurai, seem to have had priestesses to the deity, which also appear predominantly a goddess.
Rituals such as fire walking and mouth or nose piercing are also practised. At the temple Essays on mother india Samayapuram, which lies six miles to the north of Tirucirapalli, the Hindu system of worship is still seen today for the worship of Mariyamman.
Worship for Mariyamman is a ten-day festival, organized by temple authorities during the second week in April. Some continue to use an old village customs of worship by offering chickens and goats to the deity, but the animals are no longer sacrificed but sold after being offered.
But the main worshipping of the goddess occurs on the road a mile or two from the temple. A hurried walk and dance carries hundreds of thousands of worshippers along the road to the temple. Countless people in the crowd have fasted, shaved their heads, and wear bright yellow clothes, which are sacred to the goddess.
Young men and women carry similar pots but are followed by drummers and dance more wildly. Larger men and women carry pots of charcoal fire. Some put themselves through a special tribulation of having one of the sacred weapons, dagger, trident, or a spear, inserted through their cheeks or tongues.
In this self-realization he or she is bonded with the goddess, which is the underlining reason of the worship.
Myths[ edit ] Erode Mariamman Ther Thiruvizha One story about the origin of Maariamman is that she was the wife of Thiruvalluvarthe Tamil poet, who was an outcast. She recovered and people worshipped her as the goddess of smallpox. To keep smallpox away, neem leaves are hung above the main entryways of South Indian homes.
This temple houses both Thiruvalluvar and his wife Vaasuki Ammaiyar. This is in sharp contrast to the life of Thiruvalluvar wherein he advocated love for all. Hence this story cannot be taken to be credible.
The Tamil word 'Muthu' means pearl and hence in the ancient usage of the language 'Muthu Maari' was a poetic metaphor for raindrops, whereby they were equated with precious pearls bestowed as the gifts of the Nature goddess.
Maariamman was also called 'Muthu Maariamman' which meant the goddess who gives prosperous rain. This was wrongly connected to the pearl-like small form of the boils that occur during chickenpox.
One day the Rishi was away and the Trimurti came to see if her famed beauty and virtue was true.
Nagavali did not know them and, resenting their intrusion, turned them into little children. The gods were offended and cursed her, so her beauty faded and her face became marked like smallpox.
The Rishi returned, found her disfigured, and drove her away, declaring she would be born a demon in the next world and cause the spread of a disease which would make people like her. She was called Mari, meaning 'changed. Local goddesses such as Mariamman who were believed to protect villages and their lands and represent the different castes of their worshippers have always been an important part of the religious landscape of South India.
However, we can note periods of special significance. The eclecticism of the Vijayanagar period — encouraged folk religion, which became more important and influenced the more literate forms of religion.
In the last century and a half there has been a rebirth of Tamil self-consciousness see Devotion to Murukan. In the middle of the present century deities such as Mariamman have become linked to the "great tradition" as the strata of society which worship the goddess has become integrated into the larger social order.मेरी मां बहुत प्यारी हैं। वे रोज सुबह घर में सबसे पहले उठ जाती हैं। भगवान से लेकर घर के सब लोगों का ध्यान मेरी मां ही.
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