Green revolution india

Frequent famines[ edit ] Famines in India were very frequent during the period s to s. Due to faulty distribution of food, and because farmers did not receive the true value for their labour, the majority of the population did not get enough food. They took loans from zamindarswho charged high rates of interests and also exploited the farmers later on to work in their fields to repay the loans farm labourers.

Green revolution india

The Green Revolution in India refers to a period when Indian agriculture was converted into an industrial system due to the adoption of modern methods and technology such as the use of high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, tractors, irrigation facilities, pesticides, and fertilizers. The Green Revolution, spreading over the period from/68 to /78, changed India’s status from a food-deficient country to one of the world's leading agricultural nations. Until the government largely concentrated on expanding the farming areas. Essay # 1. Subject Matter of Green Revolution: The new agricultural strategy was adopted in India during the Third Plan, i.e., during s. As suggested by the team of experts of the Ford Foundation in its report “India’s Crisis of Food and Steps to Meet it” in the Government decided to shift the strategy followed in agricultural sector of the country.

In this essay we will discuss about Green Revolution in India. After reading this essay you will learn about: Subject Matter of Green Revolution 2. Important Features of Green Revolution Green revolution india.

Contents Green Revolution in India: Subject Matter of Green Revolution: The new agricultural strategy was adopted in India during the Third Plan, i. Thus, the traditional agricultural practices followed in India are gradually being replaced by modern technology and agricultural practices.

This report of Ford Foundation suggested to introduce intensive effort for raising agricultural production and productivity in selected regions of the country through the introduction of modern inputs like fertilisers, credit, marketing facilities etc.

Accordingly, infrom seven states seven districts were selected and the Government introduced a pilot project known as Intensive Area Development Programme IADP into those seven districts.

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Later on, this programme was extended to remaining states and one district from each state was selected for intensive development.

Accordingly, indistricts out of were selected for intensive cultivation and the programme was renamed as Intensive Agricultural Areas Programme IAAP.

During the period of mids, Prof. Norman Borlaug of Mexico developed new high yielding varieties of wheat and accordingly various countries started to apply this new variety with much promise.

This programme was adopted as a package programme as the very success of this programme depends upon adequate irrigation facilities, application of fertilizers, high yielding varieties of seeds, pesticides, insecticides etc. In this way a new technology was gradually adopted in Indian agriculture.

This new strategy is also popularly known as modern agricultural technology or green revolution. Gradually the coverage of the programme was enlarged and intotal area covered by this HYVP programme was estimated As the new HYV seeds require shorter duration to grow thus it paved way for the introduction of multiple cropping, i.

But in case of production of rice, although new HYV varieties of seeds like T. Some degree of success was only achieved in respect of IR Important Features of Green Revolution: Following are some of important features of Green Revolution: The Green revolution is considered as revolutionary in character as it is based as new technology, new ideas, new application of inputs like HYV seeds, fertilizers, irrigation water, pesticides etc.

As all these were brought suddenly and spread quickly to attain dramatic results thus it is termed as revolution in green agriculture.

The most important strategy followed in green revolution is the application of high yielding variety HYV seeds. Most of these HYV seeds are of dwarf variety shorter stature and matures in a shorter period of time and can be useful where sufficient and assured water supply is available.

Thus seeds also require four to ten times more of fertilizers than that of traditional variety. Green revolution has been largely confined to Wheat crop neglecting the other crops.

Green revolution was first introduced to wheat cultivation in those areas where sample quantity of water was available throughout the year through irrigation. Presently 90 per cent of land engaged in wheat cultivation is benefitted from this new agricultural strategy. Most of the HYV seeds are related to wheat crop and major portion of chemical fertilizer are also used in wheat cultivation.

Therefore, green revolution can be largely considered as wheat revolution.

Essay on Green Revolution in India

The area covered through green revolution was initially very narrow as it was very much confined to Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh only.Essay # 1.

Subject Matter of Green Revolution: The new agricultural strategy was adopted in India during the Third Plan, i.e., during s. As suggested by the team of experts of the Ford Foundation in its report “India’s Crisis of Food and Steps to Meet it” in the Government decided to shift the strategy followed in agricultural sector of the country.

The Green Revolution resulted in a record grain output of million tonnes in / This established India as one of the world's biggest agricultural producers.

Green revolution india

This established India as one of the world's biggest agricultural producers. The Green Revolution was started in India as a response to long suffered humiliation. It started in the mid ’s and effectively ended by ’s. In , barely two years after independence, we had a dire food situation and a lack of foreign exchange due to the British misrule.

The Green Revolution transformed India from a starving country to a chief exporter of food which earned the country great admiration most specifically during the third world (Rao et al., ). The Green Revolution made Mrs.

Indira’s party, the Indian National Congress, a powerful political force. The Green Revolution in India refers to a period of time when agriculture in India changed to an industrial system due to the adoption of modern methods and technology such as high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, tractors, irrigation facilities, pesticides, fertilizers etc.

The Green Revolution resulted in a record grain output of million tonnes in / This established India as one of the world's biggest agricultural producers.

This established India as one of the world's biggest agricultural producers.

Green Revolution - Wikipedia