May 28, by April Klazema From high school to upper-level university courses and beyond, there are many times in which an individual may need to write a research paper or a report. In many instances, before you can even begin a research paper, you will need to create a research proposal that will let your supervisor know what it is that you want to conduct research on. This is an important part of the academic process. The research proposal that you write will detail for your supervisor not only what it is that you plan to research, but also how you intend to conduct that research.
Example of a Research Proposal Sometimes students are required to write a proposal for a required research project. Other teachers may not require a written proposal, the student may want to write a proposal so he has a carefully planned proposal as a guideline.
Once the project is begun and the student learns more, he will likely find ways to modify the project. Hopefully, the teacher will permit modifications of the work plan. Most students are aware that raw milk has some manure, dust from hay, bacteria from the milk bucket, as well as the possibility of bacteria from infections such as undulant fever, brucellosis, and mastitis.
This proposal has been written from the viewpoint of a student who thinks it would be interesting to see what kinds of bacteria are found in a sample of fresh raw milk which was milked from the cow as in the olden days. While anerobic bacteria may be present, the student does plan to isolate any anaerobes.
Never ingest, inhale, or rub eyes with the organisms which you isolate.
Research Proposal of Bacteria from Raw Milk Introduction Raw milk obtained from a cow by hand milking in a typical cow stable may contain bacteria from the cow's udder and hair, flies that fall into the bucket, bacteria that are growing in the poorly washed seams of the bucket, dust from manure and hay, dirt from the milker's hands, cow's tail dipping into the bucket, etc.
Lactic acid bacteria, Pseudomonas, and other bacteria are common in such milk. If the udder has mastisis specific bacteria may be present.
I do not have the time nor the selective media to grow all the kinds of bacteria which might be present in the milk. I will make no attempt to isolate bacteria which can't grow in the presence of air.
I will use tryptone-glucose-yeast extract agar for the initial isolation. This medium is often called plate count agar because large numbers of genera of bacteria are able to grow on it. Some bacteria present in the sample may not be able to grow on TGY agar. I plan to study some of the bacteria hoping to determine the genera, or general group to which they belong, but I will be limited by time and available assay media.
My main goal in the characterization of the pure cultures I isolate is to see the results of common assays such as gram stain, fermentation of various sugars, and other traits commonly used in classification of bacteria from milk.
To isolate under aerobic conditions the predominant bacteria found in raw cow's milk and study the traits of ten of the bacteria using the limited number of diagnostic media I have available. The raw milk will be streaked on TGY Agar Tryptone-Glucose-Yeast extract and the plates incubated under aerobic conditions at room temperature 20 to 30C.
Ten colonies having differing appearances will be selected for further characterization. TGY Agar, also called Plate Count Agar, is commonly used for counting bacteria in food and environmental samples because it supports the growth of many common bacteria.
Only the predominant bcteria will be found by this method. Selective methods such as adding bile to the medium could be used in later studies if special groups of bacteria were to be isolated.
Since bile is found in the intestine, using bile in the medium inhibits the growth of many common bacteria but has little effect on he growth of common gut organisms.
Characterization of Isolated Strains: I plan to characterize each of the ten isolates by as many of these tests as time, equipment, and materials permit.
Temperature Optimum or limit: Many bacteria decompose produce bubbles of oxygen from hydrogen peroxide Assignment to Genus or Broad Group: Based on the assay results I hope to tentatively assign each isolate to one of the broad groups given in Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology I may continue this project as a hobby and attempt to key one or more of the isolates down to Genus but due to lack of diagnostic media and time.
I do not expect to have sufficient information about any strain to assign it to Genus during this semester. Because the bacteria are being isolated from milk on organic medium after brief incubation under aerobic conditions, I do not expect any isolate to be phototrophic, gliding, lithotropic, anaerobic, etc.
Isolates from milk might fall into one or more of these Bergey groups: There is less chance they will be: You may send private e-messages to Dr.What Is a Proposal and How to Write One. Proposal examples are written propositions that are addressed to clients or by any department to its head executives.
It contains ideas that would be beneficial to an organization. There are many types of proposals, such as a budget proposal and event proposal.. Proposals aim to be approved by the people involved. Writing a research proposal If you are applying to be part of an established research project, you may not be asked to write a research proposal.
Such projects with a research topic chosen and led by individuals are still the most usual route to a doctorate in some of the sciences.
Proposal for a research project: Language, Culture and Identity in Migrant Narratives Introduction: Relevance of this project Immigration to Norway has increased dramatically the past thirty years with migrants coming from every continent in the world.
|Research Proposal||References Any Supporting Section essential to the research proposal You should consider discussing the draft research proposal with your instructor so that any changes suggested in the structure can be incorporated in your dissertation proposal.|
|Structure and content of the research proposal||Formation[ edit ] The origins of the National Security Agency can be traced back to April 28,three weeks after the U.|
|Writing a research proposal — Vitae Website||Clarity and Communication in Saudi Arabian Healthcare Organizations Write a Research Summary A brief hint on how to write a research summary entails the title describing the entire contents of the paper. This should be followed by the abstract, which is meant to give the reader prior information about what to expect from the paper.|
|Perform a Literature Review||Info Writing a research proposal If you are applying to be part of an established research project, you may not be asked to write a research proposal.|
Approximately % of . The basic idea is to read the sample research proposal, sample thesis or a sample dissertation, and define the way you should state your thoughts and ideas. Do you need sample research proposal or research proposal example? A research proposal is another kind of a complicated academic writing you may be asked to complete pursuing a degree.
Research proposal is one of the most crucial paper writing routines they are for a student to face. As a rule, writing a research proposal determines an overall success of a future masterpiece.
All in all, a research proposal paper may fall into two different categories. The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National initiativeblog.com NSA is responsible for global monitoring, collection, and processing of information and data for foreign and domestic intelligence and counterintelligence purposes, specializing in a discipline known as signals.