Discuss Augustine's concept of curiositas. What qualities distinguish curiositas, and what actions does it include? Why does Augustine view it as a source of sin? Analyze the character of Monica.
Early Years Augustine is the first ecclesiastical author the whole course of whose development can be clearly traced, as well as the first in whose case we are able to determine the exact period covered by his career, to the very day.
To his mother Monnica so the manuscripts write her name, not Monica; b. But though she was evidently an honorable, loving, self-sacrificing, and able woman, she was not always the Saint augustines view on sexuality essay of a Christian mother that tradition has made her appear.
Her religion in earlier life has traces of formality and worldliness about it; her ambition for her son seems at first to have had little moral earnestness and she regretted his Manicheanism more than she did his early sensuality. It seems to have been through Ambrose and Augustine that she attained the mature personal piety with which she left the world.
Of Augustine as a boy his parents were intensely proud. He received his first education at Thagaste, learning, to read and write, as well as the rudiments of Greek and Latin literature, from teachers who followed the old traditional pagan methods.
He seems to have had no systematic instruction in the Christian faith at this period, and though enrolled among the catechumens, apparently was near baptism only when an illness and his own boyish desire made it temporarily probable. His father, delighted with his son's progress in his studies, sent him first to the neighboring Madaura, and then to Carthage, some two days' journey away.
A year's enforced idleness, while the means for this more expensive schooling were being accumulated, proved a time of moral deterioration; but we must be on our guard against forming our conception of Augustine's vicious living from the Confessiones alone.
To speak, as Mommsen does, of " frantic dissipation " is to attach too much weight to his own penitent expressions of self-reproach.
Looking back as a bishop, he naturally regarded his whole life up to the " conversion " which led to his baptism as a period of wandering from the right way; but not long after this conversion, he judged differently, and found, from one point of view, the turning point of his career in his taking up philosophy -in his nineteenth year.
This view of his early life, which may be traced also in the Confessiones, is probably nearer the truth than the popular conception of a youth sunk in all kinds of immorality.
When he began the study of rhetoric at Carthage, it is true that in company with comrades whose ideas of pleasure were probably much more gross than his he drank of the cup of sensual pleasure. But his ambition prevented him from allowing his dissipations to interfere with his studies.
His son Adeodatus was born in the summer ofand it was probably the mother of this child whose charms enthralled him soon after his arrival at Carthage about the end of But he remained faithful to her until aboutand the grief which he felt at parting from her shows what the relation had been. In the view of the civilization of that period, such a monogamous union was distinguished from a formal marriage only by certain legal restrictions, in addition to the informality of its beginning and the possibility of a voluntary dissolution.
Even the Church was slow to condemn such unions absolutely, and Monnica seems to have received the child and his mother publicly at Thagaste. In any case Augustine was known to Carthage not as a roysterer but as a quiet honorable student.
He was, however, internally dissatisfied with his life. The Hortensius of Cicero, now lost with the exception of a few fragments, made a deep impression on him.
To know the truth was henceforth his deepest wish. About the time when the contrast between his ideals and his actual life became intolerable, he learned to conceive of Christianity as the one religion which could lead him to the attainment of his ideal. But his pride of intellect held him back from embracing it earnestly; the Scriptures could not bear comparison with Cicero; he sought for wisdom, not for humble submission to authority.
Manichean and Neoplatonist Period In this frame of mind he was ready to be affected by the so-called "Manichean propaganda" which was then actively carried on in Africa, without apparently being much hindered by the imperial edict against assemblies of the sect.
Two things especially attracted him to the Manicheans: The former fitted in with the impression which the Bible had made on Augustine himself; the latter corresponded closely to his mood at the time. The prayer which he tells us he had in his heart then, " Lord, give me chastity and temperance, but not now," may be taken as the formula which represents the attitude of many of the Manichean auditores.
Among these Augustine was classed during his nineteenth year; but he went no further, though he held firmly to Manicheanism for nine years, during which he endeavored to convert all his friends, scorned the sacraments of the Church, and held frequent disputations with catholic believers.How St.
Augustine Invented Sex He rescued Adam and Eve from obscurity, devised the doctrine of original sin—and the rest is sexual history.
Introduction It may have been a mistake for me to offer to speak about Augustine on marriage and sexuality. This is one topic on which many people have expressed very strong opinions, and these opinions are usually not very favorable towards Augustine.
Saint Augustine’s View on Sexuality The famous bishop of Hippo, St. Augustine, is claimed as a cornerstone of Christian theology by both Catholics and Protestants. Critical Essays Augustine's View of Sexuality Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List One of the most notable features of the Confessions, and one that has fascinated — or perhaps titillated — readers through the centuries is Augustine's honesty about his sexual .
Saint Augustine’s View on Sexuality The famous bishop of Hippo, St.
Augustine, is claimed as a cornerstone of Christian theology by both Catholics and Protestants. Saint Augustine of Hippo’s Confessions Essay. Saint Augustine of Hippo’s Confessions ( C.E.) is a theological autobiography, what we would call today a conversion story.
We've got two contrasting ideas here that help elucidate one another: love and lust. Augustine's word choices ("mists," "clouded," "murk") tell us that lust is an unclear, confusing, chaotic thing, while love is clear, bright, and full of sunshine and rainbows.